Engineering is such a broad industry with so many different disciplines. So let's break it down a bit. In this blog we will discuss Engineering Schools, Disciplines, Job Opportunities as well as some specific everyday resources used by the DIS-TRAN Steel engineers.
According to Grad Schools, the top 5 Engineering Schools are:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, MA
Stanford in Stanford, CA
University of California - Berkeley in Berkeley, CA
California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, CA
Carnegie Melon University in Pittsburgh, PA
Not to completely leave out the Louisiana Schools that ranked for Top Engineering Schools, here are our locals:
Louisiana State University (LSU) ranked 100
Tulane University ranked 105
Louisiana Tech University ranked 139
Now that you know where the best schools are, here is a list of the main Engineering Disciplines and Job Opportunities.
1. Chemical Engineering is expected to grow 2% between 2014-2024. Not much growth here but many opportunities. Some continue to be Biomedical Engineers, Chemical Technicians, Nuclear Engineers and Chemist & Materials Scientist.
2. Civil Engineering is expected to grow 8% between 2014-2024. These seems to be the opportunity for some growth in this field. Job opportunities may consist of Architects, Civil Engineer Technicians, Construction Managers, Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering as well as Surveyors.
3. Electrical Engineering is expected to show little to no growth between 2014-2024. You may look into Aerospace Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Electricians and even Sales Engineers.
4. Software Engineering is expected to have the highest growth rate (17%) between 2014-2024. Opportunities consist of Computer & Information Research Scientist, Computer Hardware Engineer, Computer Network Architects, Computer Systems Analyst, Mathematicians and Web Developers.
These are just some of the TOP disciplines in Engineering. As you can see, there are many opportunities in the Utility Industry. DIS-TRAN Steel provides civil engineering services along with our products. We design, detail and fabricate steel transmission and substation structures. Our engineers focus on designing structures that can withstand the loads needed to transport electrical systems to the end user like you and me. The two main structure types are Standard Steel and Tapered Tubular. Each structure is made from different steel shapes. Standard Steel structures are made from preformed beams, angles, plates and tubes. Tapered Tubular structures start off as a flat piece of plate that is then bent and formed into a tapered pole. Just like these structures use different steel pieces they also use different design software and standards.
Standard Shape - typically use an analysis software (RAM, STAAD, SAAP, etc.) as well as calculation sheets created in either Excel or Mathcad. At DIS-TRAN, we currently use RAM Elements as our analysis software and rely heavily on Excel to create supporting calculation sheets (i.e. load development & connection design sheets).
Tapered Tubular - The standard edition of PLS-CADD is a line design program that includes all the terrain, sag-tension, loads, clearances and drafting functions necessary for the design of an entire power line. TOWER analyzes, designs and optimizes steel lattice towers for transmission and substation applications. PLS-POLE analyzes and designs structures with wood, laminated wood, steel, concrete or fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) poles, or modular aluminum masts.
Substation Steel Structures - relies heavily on both the AISC Steel Construction Manual (Fourteenth Edition) as well as ASCE 113-08 Substation Structure Design Guide. There may also be specific design standards requested by the customer.
Transmission Steel Structures- relies on ASCE/SEI 48-11 & 74-09 for the design of steel transmission pole structures. Others are RUS Bulletins 1724E-214 (Guide Specification for Standard Class Steel Transmission Poles) and 1724E-204 (Guide Specification for Steel Single Pole and H-Frame Structures).